Explore the history of disabled people and education through time
Explore the history of disabled people and education through time
The Children and Families Act became law on the 13th March 2014 and will come into force on the 1st September 2014.
The Equality Act 2010 legally protects people from discrimination in the workplace and in wider society. It replaced previous anti-discrimination laws with a single Act, making the law easier to understand and strengthening protection in some situations. It sets out the different ways in which it’s unlawful to treat someone.
2009 – UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) Ratified by UK Government – 1 Reservation & 1 Interpretive Declaration against Article 24: Inclusive Education.
Apprenticeships, Skills, Children and Learning Act 2009 – created statutory framework for apprenticeships.
2008 ALLFIE ‘We Know Inclusion Works’ March to the Department for Children Schools and Families – led to a reaffirmation of the Labour Government’s commitment to inclusive education.
Disability Amendment Act 2005 – introduced a duty on the public sector to promote disability equality.
2004 – ALLFIE publishes ‘Snapshots of Possibility’ research showing real examples of inclusive education practice in 21 schools.
Children Act 2004 – Based on the 2003 Green Paper ‘Every Child Matters’.
2003 – British Sign Language (BSL) is recognised as an official British language but is not given legal protection.
Special Educational Needs and Disability Act (SENDA) 2001 – extended disability discrimination legislation to schools, colleges and universities and gave disabled children many more rights in mainstream education.
The Carers and Disabled Children Act 2000 – Local Authorities are able to provide direct payments to young disabled people aged 16 and 17 years and to the parents of disabled children.
1999 – Disabled People’s ‘Direct Action Network’ (DAN) launches its “Free Our People” campaign.
Green Paper ‘Excellence for all Children – Meeting Special Educational Needs’ 1997 – set out five year plan.
The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 – made discrimination against disabled people illegal and was an important step forward in the campaign for full civil rights for all disabled people.
In June 1994 representatives of 92 governments and 25 international organisations formed the World Conference on Special Needs Education, held in Salamanca, Spain. They agreed a dynamic new Statement on the education of all disabled children, which called for inclusion to be the norm. In addition, the Conference adopted a new Framework for Action, the guiding principle of which is that ordinary schools should accommodate all children, regardless of their physical, intellectual, social, emotional, linguistic or other conditions. All educational policies, says the Framework, should stipulate that disabled children attend the neighbourhood school ‘that would be attended if the child
did not have a disability.’
1990 – The Alliance for Inclusive Education begins life as the ‘Integration Alliance’.
The Disabled Persons (Services, Consultation and Representation) Act 1986 – this Act gave disabled people greater control over services provided to them by local government bodies.
1981 The Education Act – paved the way for the integration of children with ‘special needs’ during the United Nations International Year of Disabled People. Education Act 1981 (following the 1978 Warnock Report): gave parents new rights in relation to special needs.
International Year of the Disabled 1981 – An international conference in this year, which attempted to exclude disabled people from its discussion, led to the setting up of the first global network of disabled people known as ‘Disabled Peoples International’ with a slogan “Nothing About Us Without Us”.
1981 – British Council of Disabled People’s Organisations is founded as an umbrella group of organisations run and controlled by disabled people.
1978 Warnock Report – ‘Special Educational Needs –Report of the Committee of Enquiry into the Education of Handicapped Children and Young People’
1975 the Union of the Physicially Impaired Against Segregation (UPIAS) is formed. It argues that a world constructed only for non-disabled people will inevitably exclude disabled people.
1972 Paul Hunt’s letter is published in the Guardian newspaper calling for equality for disabled people and asking others to join him. His letter inspires the start of the struggle against discrimination.
The Chronically Sick and Disabled Person’s Act 1970 – required local authorities to improve services for disabled people.
Education (Handicapped Children) Act 1970 – transferred responsibility for education of ‘severely handicapped children’ from health authorities to LEAs.
Children and Young Persons Act 1969 – gave LEAs responsibilities for children not receiving education or in need of care and control.
1966 Paul Hunt and Peter Wade publish ‘Stigma’ describing many of the ways in which society oppresses disabled people.
Education Act 1962 – required LEAs to provide students with grants for living costs and tuition fees; placed legal obligation on parents to ensure that children received a suitable education at school or otherwise – failure to comply could result in prosecution; made LEAs legally responsible for ensuring that pupils attended school.
Education Act 1962: required LEAs to provide students with grants for living costs and tuition fees; placed legal obligation on parents to ensure that children received a suitable education at school or otherwise – failure to comply could result in prosecution; made LEAs legally responsible for ensuring that pupils attended school.
1960 – The Education Act creates 11 categories of impairment. Thousands of disabled children are sent to segregated ‘Junior Training Centres’ and institutions.
1944 Education Act – introduced selection by disability with disabled children sent to 11 types of special school depending on their impairment.
The Education Act provides for ‘handicapped’ children to be educated but only in special schools or classes
Education Act 1918 – Wide-ranging Act extending education provision in line with recommendations of 1917 Lewis Report.
1913 Mental Deficiency Act required school boards to identify children who were ‘defective’ and send them to live in institutions.
Education Act 1902: the Balfour Act established a system of secondary education integrating higher grade elementary schools and fee-paying secondary schools; abolished school boards and established local education authorities (LEAs).